Reports of Karadzic's alibi
One fundamental misunderstanding among recent press reports is why NATO forces did not actively hunt Karadzic from 1995 through 1999.
The reason was not because they wanted to honor a deal between Karadzic and Holbrooke.
Instead, they did not hunt any ICTY war criminals because of an overly cautious approach that emphasized maintaining order. IFOR / SFOR were worried that an active pursuit would mobilize either side and lead to a resumption of hostilities.
The result was that NATO forces rule of engagement only allowed detention of a war criminal if they came across them in their normal duties. For example, Karadzic could sit in his house and be safe, and could only be detained if, say, he went through an IFOR roadside check.